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15 Nov

Important Dates In Versailles History

Painting Versailles

The Dauphin


Important Dates In Versailles History


1624
Louis XIII has a hunting lodge built on the hill of Versailles
1631
Louis XIII commissions Philibert Le Roy to build a small chateau on the site of the hunting lodge
1660
Louis XIV weds Maria-Theresa, Infanta of Spain on June 7.
The couple takes up residence at Versailles on October 25.
1661
Cardinal Mazarin, the prime minister, dies.
Beginning of Louis XIV’s personal reign.
Colbert is appointed Superintendent of Finances
Birth of the Grand Dauphin.
1663
The architect Le Vau builds the first orangery and begins work on the menagerie.
1664
“Pleasures of the Enchanted Island,” an entertainment presented by the King, is held in May.
1665
The first statues are put up in the gardens.
The Grotto of Tethys is created.
1667
Work begins on the Grand Canal.
1668
Le Vau’s project to enlarge the part of the chateau facing the gardens with an ‘enveloppe de pierre’ is approved.
Louis XIV offers a ‘Great Royal Entertainment’ to a bewildered Court on July 18.
1670
The Trianon de Porcelaine is built.
1672
Work begins on the Bath Apartment and the Ambassadors’ Staircase.
1674
24 statues are commissioned for the gardens.
The last of the three great entertainments held at Versailles is given by Louis XIV.
Hardouin-Mansart begins enlarging the chateau. The terrace facing the gardens is replaced by the Hall Of Mirrors.
1678
Le Brun completes the decoration of the State Apartments.
1682
Following a royal decree on May 6, Versailles becomes the official residence of the Court and the seat of the government.
1684
The Hall of Mirrors is completed and the Orangery built.
1685
Work begins on the North Wing.
1687
The Marble Trianon is built.
1689
Louis XIV orders his silverware and silver furniture to be melted down in December.
1710
The Royal Chapel is completed.
The Duc d’Anjou, third son of the Duc de Bourgogne and the future Louis XV, is born on February 15.
1715
Louis XIV dies on September 1.
Louis XV leaves Versailles for Vincennes on September 9.
1722
Louis XV once again takes up residence at Versailles on June 15
1725
Louis XV weds Marie-Leczinska, daughter of King Stanislas of Poland, in Fontainebleau on September 5.
1738
Major changes are undertaken in the Private Apartments
1747
Marriage of the Dauphin to Maria-Josepha of Saxony
1754
Birth of the Duc de Berry, future Louis XIV, on August 23
1768
Gabriel completes the Petit Trianon
1770
The Dauphin weds Marie-Antoinette, Arch-duchess of Austria and Lorraine on May 16.
Inauguration of the Royal Opera built by Gabriel.
1771
Project to rebuild the facades of the chateau facing the town.
Gabriel begins work on the Louis XV Wing.
1774
Louis XV dies of smallpox at Versailles on May 10
1783
Treaty is signed ending the American War of Independence
The Queen’s Hamlet is built at Trianon.
1789
Opening session of the States General in the Salle des Menus Plaisirs on May 5.
The King, Royal Family and Court leave Versailles for Paris after the mob invades the chateau on October 6. They never return.
1792
The Convention orders the sale of the royal furniture following a proposal put forth by the depute Roland on October 20.
1793
Louis XVI is condemned to death and guillotined on January 21.
Marie-Antoinette is beheaded on October 16.
1814
Louis XVIII orders that the chateau’s apartments be ‘restored and made liveable.’
1833
On September 1, Louis-Philippe orders that the chateau of Versailles be transformed into a Museum of French History.
1837
The Museum of Versailles is inaugurated on June 10.
1871
The King Of Prussia is proclaimed Emporer of Germany in the Hall of Mirrors on January 18.
With the onset of Commune in March, the National Assembly moves to Versailles to sit in the Royal Opera.
1919
The Treaty of Versailles ending World War I is signed in the Hall of Mirrors on June 28.
1957
The Royal Opera, entirely restored, is opened to the public.
1962
General de Gaulle, President of France, decides to restore and refurnish the Grand Trianon.
1975
The Queen’s Bedchamber is restored.
1978
The Consulate and Empire Rooms are reopened.
1980
Original furniture is returned to the King’s Bedchamber and the Hall of Mirrors
1984
The staircase designed by Gabriel is built.



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